Friday, July 20, 2018

Wellington Village's 100-Year old Houses in 2019!

2019 will be a major milestone year for Wellington Village. Next year marks exactly 100 years since the Ottawa Land Association held their huge auction in a circus tent at the corner of Wellington Street and Holland Avenue, selling off one-by-one each of the lots in Wellington Village south of Wellington (a year later they would do the same for the lots north of Wellington). The big auction was held on May 31st, 1919, and over 500 lots were sold for a total of $140,000 (an average of under $250 apiece, with the cheapest going for $35 alongside what is now Island Park Drive - ironically the cheapest lots were in this area, at the time less desirable due to their distance from the streetcar and Wellington Street). Read more about the auction in my Kitchissippi Times article here:

May 16, 1919 ad promoting the auction

Ottawa Journal, June 2, 1919

Within weeks, the purchases were being registered at the city registry office, loans and mortgages taken out, and houses began to be constructed in the former farmland, which had been sitting vacant for nearly 30 years. Some of the key figures involved with the OLA were also part of the Ottawa Electric Railway. They invested in property alongside the streetcar line well prior to the streetcar going in, knowing that the land would increase substantially in value over time. The group had incredible vision, and also incredible patience. An unsteady economy in the first two decades of the 20th century along with WWI made it difficult for the company to pick the right time to sell. 1919 was that year, with WWI over with and things looking upwards, not to mention a housing shortage crisis in Ottawa.

As 2019 is thus the 100th Anniversary of most of the present-day Wellington Village community, expect there to be a couple of community events celebrating this great milestone! More on that soon enough.



The inspiration for this post came from someone I spoke with whose prior information she had about her house dated it to 1919. She was planning a 100th birthday party for the house, and had asked me for any interesting historical details I could find out about the house. Unfortunately for her, after a little digging, it was discovered that the house only dated to 1929. Just goes to show you can't trust realtor listings or the CMHC. In fact, there is definitely NO definitive source out there that banks construction date information for houses in Ottawa. And since a fire at City Hall at one time destroyed most of the building permit data up to I think the 1950s or even 1960s, it is only through historical record sleuthing that the true date of construction for a house can be found.

So with that in mind, I thought it would be a fun, and timely idea, to come up with a list of the houses in Wellington Village that were indeed the original and first group constructed, that truly are celebrating their 100th birthday in 2019. There are 13 original houses still standing in Wellington Village that were built and most likely completed in 1919. They are profiled below!


The exceptions

First off, the exceptions. When the auction of 1919 happened, there were actually houses that already stood within the boundaries of what today we know as Wellington Village. Wellington Village goes all the way west to Island Park Drive, which is about 700 feet further west than the land the OLA owned back in 1919. The OLA owned the former Stewart farm, which ended at the Ottawa city limits; everything on the west side of Western Avenue, and west of the western edge of Elmdale's playground (Mayfair Avenue, Piccadilly Avenue, etc.) was in Nepean until 1950. So prior to 1919, there were actually small pocket subdivisions in the area that fell in Nepean (so for instance the streets running off Carleton Avenue between Scott and Wellington, and the aforementioned Mayfair and Piccadilly streets), and been subdivided by real estate investors as early as the late 1890s. So there were some houses there by 1919. Also on the far east side, Holland Avenue was part of an early Hinton subdivision, so a handful of houses stood on Holland Avenue by 1919.

Also, there were three houses fronting Wellington Street dating back to the 1800s that had been part of the Stewart family farm. The main stone house was located where Julian now runs, set a bit back from Wellington on the southeast side. It was tragically demolished in the 1950s. A smaller house built and occupied by one of the Stewart sons was located in what would now be the centre of the roadway on Warren Avenue. It was moved up the street to 41 Warren in 1920 and survived until 2007, when it was torn down (its history likely unbeknownst to its owners) and replaced with a new structure. A third Stewart family house thankfully survives, it too was moved, up Granville Avenue from close to Wellington up to where it now stands at 32 Granville.

Stewart family home, Wellington at Julian (LAC, C-004825)

Stewart family home, circa 1991.
Moved up Warren in 1920 to 41 Warren.
(Source: Ottawa Archives CA-25175)

Former Stewart family home, in the 1920s. Moved up
Granville in 1920 to 32 Granville (courtesy Lynn Beaudet)

As well there were three houses at the corner of Holland and Wellington on lots which had been sold years earlier by the Ottawa Land Association. All three are gone, though one exterior wall of the old 136 Holland still stands as part of a new double that was built in 2014, no doubt a requirement to get around zoning or variances.

old 136 Holland Avenue (2009)

new 136 Holland Avenue, though the original north-facing
exterior wall (2016)

And the last exception is the E.P. Connors House at 166 Huron Avenue, which was built in 1915, and stands remains today as one of the few heritage homes in Kitchissippi. The second photo of it below is particularly cool as it has been caught during that brief period between 1915-1919, before any other houses were built behind it. Huron south of the Connors House was a railway and streetcar parking/repair yard for many years; you can see an old rail car parked up the street from it.

Connors house at 166 Huron Avenue

Connors house circa 1915-1919, with an old rail car
parked further south down Huron in the rail yards.


The original 1919 houses still standing

Okay, with the exceptions out of the way, here are the THIRTEEN original 1919-built Wellington Village houses still standing today. Note there is no particular order to these photos, and the information provided is the best that can be culled from some fairly patchy historical records. In some cases I've had to say "as early as 1919", its possible that some of these were actually not started until very early 1920, though all were completed by summer of 1920, so if they are not actually 1919 houses, they were extremely close!

96 Byron Avenue

Lot purchased by James D. Abercrombie at the auction for $375. Built thanks to the Ottawa Housing Commission project established earlier in 1919 to help encourage more house construction in Ottawa during the shortage. (Several of the houses profiled in this article were built with funding courtesy of the OHC). The Commission would sign an agreement with their client, whereby the property owner would transfer over ownership of the lot to the OHC, as part of the agreement to take out a loan of typically $4,000 from the OHC towards construction of the house. The OHC would provide what was then very generous lending rates of 5% interest per year for 20 years. The OHC was a great idea, but somehow never made a significant impact beyond the early 1920s, and by the end of the 1930s, it ceased to exist.

The Abercrombie agreement was signed November 3, 1919, so definitely by November construction had began, and it is further possible (as I've seen often) that back in this era, agreements would be made, property or money transferred, and work begun well before the actual transactions were registered officially. So sometimes the registered dates cannot be 100% trusted. Regardless, the Abercrombie home was started in 1919, and completed by early 1920. After completion, it actually remained in the Abercrombie family until 2002.

James Abercrombie at the time was a civil servant, a clerk with the annuities branch of the Post Office Department. November 3rd, 1919, the date he signed the agreement, was incidentally his 30th birthday.

96 Byron Avenue present day

96 Byron Avenue, circa 1930s
(courtesy of Suzanne Abercrombie)

100 Byron Avenue

Lot purchased by the Ottawa Housing Commission directly, at the auction for $425. Oddly, it was one of just two lots the OHC purchased at the auction. Along with providing loans to encourage home building, the OHC would have houses built themselves, and sell them for a reasonable price, typically to veterans. 100 Byron Avenue appears to have fallen in this category.

William E.C. MacKintosh was the first occupant of the house, a 23-year old Scottish-born vet fresh from WWI, and his wife Evelyn, along with their newborn son. The MacKintoshes only remained in the home about a year.

The house actually started off as 1-storey brick home. The second floor with its very unique architecture was added in 1932 by its occupant Frederick Llewellyn Price. 

100 Byron Avenue in 2015

100 Byron Avenue, circa 1930s

William E.C. MacKintosh, first occupant
of 100 Byron Avenue (source: Ancestry)

119 Clarendon Avenue

Lot purchased at the auction by Edward J. Rainboth as part of a group of 9 random lots, for $1325 (average of $147 each). Rainboth was one of Ottawa's most accomplished Engineers in the late 19th/early 20th century. He was a Provincial Land Surveyor, who helped plan out many of Kitchissippi's early subdivisions, but also worked for years out west, and is attributed to laying out almost all of the original subdivisions in Saskatchewan and elsewhere in the north and west. He was also involved with the OLA, and seemingly purchased the lots for investment purposes. He quickly resold most of them, including this lot, on November 14th, 1919, for $405 to Agnes Blais, wife of Alex Blais. The pair were in their 60s, and according to the 1921 Census, Alex was a deaf-mute who did not work, but received an income (likely a form of social assistance). Blais built the small, simple 4-room wood-frame house for he and his wife. The couple had raised 10 or 11 children (according to Ancestry), but the youngest was 20 at the time, so this was likely their retirement home once all the kids had moved out from their previous house.

The house was originally much smaller, and was expanded on at least two occasions, including within the last ten years. It was originally wood-framed, the brick finish was not added until the 1930s or 40s.

The Blais house would have been quite isolated in the thickly wooded orchard that once made up part of the Stewart farm. The aerial photo below from the fall of 1920 shows just how heavily treed most of Wellington Village was (south of Byron) at the time, and the immense amount of work that would have been required to simply clear most of the lots for building.

119 Clarendon in 2016

119 Clarendon in 2009; original structure more visible

Aerial photo from 1920 showing the Wellington Village
area south of Byron Avenue. The white line in the bottom right
is the GTR/CN rail line, now the Queensway. Holland is on the
right, and Mayfair would be at the left. No streets or sidewalks
are built yet. Just a small scattering of houses, some quite
isolated in the treed area at the bottom. Elmdale School
would eventually be built in the most thickly-wooded area.

This is an oblique aerial view, looking west at the
Elmdale area from about 1927, so a few years later. The
streets have been paved, the sidewalks are in. You can
see the GTR line going overtop of Holland Avenue.
Elmdale School yet to be built, still a lot of trees on
every street!

26 Harmer Avenue

Lot purchased at the auction by William C. Graham for $500. Graham was a 57-year old auditor and chief clerk with the accounts branch of the Department of the Interior. Graham took a loan from the Ottawa Housing Commission at the end of August 1919, and had the house built for himself and his wife Mary Jane that fall. The couple did not have children. Mary Jane died in 1933, and William sold the house a few months later. Impressively, he lived to the age of 97, passing away in 1959.

The house appears to be more or less unchanged since 1919, other than the two-storey sunroom added on at some point in time.

26 Harmer Avenue in 2015

30 Harmer Avenue

Next door to 26 Harmer Avenue is 30 Harmer, which was also built in 1919, and was likely one of the first two houses that were started in the summer of 1919.

The lot was sold at auction to Hugh Michael Graham (no relation to William C. Graham of 26 Harmer above). Hugh got a far better deal for his lot, paying just $200 as opposed to the $500 that William paid. This lot sale was the first one registered by the Ottawa Land Association at the registry office, and Hugh's agreement with the Ottawa Housing Commission was signed off on July 25th, 1919.

Hugh Graham was a 35-year old accountant, a senior clerk with the Department of Indian Affairs. He was married with two young sons (aged 3 and 1). Oddly, the Grahams sold the house just three years later. During those three years, records indicate the Grahams had two more children, and would have three more soon after, so it seems the busy couple simply may have outgrown the little 1.5 storey house quicker than anticipated.

From a street view, you wouldn't think 30 Harmer was an original 1919 house, and potentially even the first. It has clearly been added to over time, and I think even the front has been added to, the brickwork does not appear to match the side.

11 Julian Avenue

Lot was purchased at auction by Edward Outhet, 29-year old engraver with the American Bank Note Company. The sale price was $600.

Outhet and his wife Catherine Helena had their first and only child Roy born August 7th; two weeks later on August 20th, they signed the agreement with the Ottawa Housing Commission towards construction of the house. It likely was completed later in 1919.

11 Julian was built in the shadows behind the 1830s stone Stewart farmhouse, where Wilhelmina (Stewart) Sparks, one of the daughters, still resided. It must have been a bit surreal for her to watch houses begin to spring up in what used to be her family's garden and farm.

The house was originally only wood-framed, but was bricked sometime in the 1930s or 1940s.

15 Julian Avenue

Next door to 11 Julian is 15 Julian. This lot also sold for $600 at auction to Florence Harrington, wife of Robert W. Harrington. In fact the Harringtons purchased the adjoining lot as well (where 19 Julian now stands).

15 Julian was built in the fall of 1919, perhaps by Harrington himself, who was a postman with the federal Post Office Department. He was a veteran of WWI, had come home, married his wife Florence in 1918, and the couple had their first and only child right around the time the house was built. In 1923, Harrington either built or had built 19 Julian Avenue, and the couple sold 15 Julian and moved into the new house.

15 Julian was also not bricked originally, the brick came later on, and as you can see in the photo, it has been expanded on significantly, most recently between 2002-2005 when the large southern addition was put on (which I think looks great. I think this houses like this should be the model for growing living space and maximizing lot size, not tearing it down and putting up an enormous semi-detached double).

15 Julian Avenue in 2015

20 Julian Avenue

The lot was sold at the auction to Joseph Hughes for $500. Hughes was the first person in Wellington Village, and one of the first in all of Ottawa in fact to sign up with the Ottawa Housing Commission, as he signed his paperwork on July 17th, 1919. The house was likely completed by that fall.

Hughes was also one of the youngest buyers at the auction. He was just 25 years old and a clerk with the freight department of the Canadian Pacific Railroad. He and his young wife Rose had married in April of 1916, just weeks before Joseph went off to fight in WWI. He was wounded in battle in January of 1917, but made it home. He was described by the Journal in 1917 as a "man well known in Ottawa as a singer". The Hughes remained staples on Julian for life, raising their two children there.

Joseph Hughes had his photo
in the paper June 3, 1960 upon
his retirement from CPR.

Rose Hughes' mom appears to have been living with them
in 1941, and was selling homemade medicines through
the classified ads!

Rose passed away in October of 1973, and Joseph, after 55 years in the home, sold it a few months later in 1974.

This house appears to have had a rear addition put on at some point, and the brick was not added until the 1930s, but generally it probably is more or less unchanged from how a young Joseph Hughes had  built it way back in 1919.

20 Julian Avenue in 2009

28 Julian Avenue

The lot was sold at the auction to Henry Nevins for $500. Nevins was a 43-year old messenger with the Canadian Pacific Express Company. He and his wife Mary had three young children, all under the age of four.

The approximate date construction started on the house is difficult to determine, as Nevins did not take out a mortgage for its construction, nor did he deal with the Ottawa Housing Commission. But certainly the house was complete and the Nevins family resident by early 1920. Like several of the other early houses on Julian, it too was not bricked until years later.

The Nevins sold the house in 1922 for $5,500, and they later resided nearby on Byron Avenue for many years.

28 Julian Avenue

32 Julian Avenue

This lot was sold to Samuel Crooks at auction for $500. Crooks took out a mortgage for $3,500 in February of 1920 towards construction of the house, though there is evidence construction began much earlier than that. At the time, Sam Crooks was 43, and he and his wife Edith had three children aged 5 to 11.

Sam Crooks was one of Ottawa's most well-known citizens during the 30's and 40's, and certainly is one of Wellington Village's most prominent of its history. He was born in Ireland, but came to Ottawa as a child. As a young adult he got into the manufacturing business, and opened a successful factory and foundry in the west end, which he oversaw for nearly 40 years. After moving into the Wellington Village area, he became interested in local politics, and ran for alderman in the ward, a position he held from 1924 to 1931 (first as Dalhousie Ward, then as of 1930 the area fell into the new Elmdale Ward). One of his key projects was to oversee the establishment of the Cave Creek drainage/sewer system in the late 20s. He was on the board of the Central Canada Exhibition for many years (President from 1931-1933, and a life director afterwards). In November of 1931, he was appointed Sheriff for the County of Carleton (ironic considering his surname), a position he held until December 1945 (in the role, he worked closely with the court system in eastern Ontario, and also oversaw the Carleton County jail on Nicholas Street).

Ad from Crooks' first alderman campaign, December, 1923

The Crooks family remained in 32 Julian for the remainder of their lives. Sam died at home in 1959 at age 84, and his widow Edith remained until she passed away in 1967. The house appears to be more or less unaltered since it was completed in 1920.

32 Julian Avenue in 2009

As you can see, Julian Avenue was easily the fastest growing street in the new Wellington Village subdivision, and as a result, it gained some infrastructure ahead of other streets. In May of 1920, the City of Ottawa committed to constructing the neighbourhood's first sidewalks, on the west side of Julian:

Ottawa Journal - May 5, 1920

The aerial photo below is from the fall of 1920, and shows Julian (and Harmer) having the first sidewalks. Julian was the first area to build up, and the Stewart stone farmhouse is still there, close to Wellington Street.

Aerial photograph from the fall of 1920. Wellington Street
is at top, Byron is at the bottom. Holland at far right, and
Granville at far left. Julian and Harmer are the only two streets
with sidewalks (solid white lines). Also noticeable is the
old Cave Creek ditch (aka Shillington Award Ditch) running
through Hampton and Clarendon Streets.

32 Java Street

This lot was sold to Victor Sorensen at the auction for $150. Sorensen built the house himself for his wife Marie and their planned family (they had one daughter Alice, born a little over year later). At first the house was just 1.5 stories and wood-frame, but Sorensen gradually added to it. The second level and brickwork came likely in 1923, just prior to a tragic traffic accident which killed Victor.

Sorensen was 31 years old in 1919 and a native of Denmark. In his youth, he had been a sailor and had sailed around the world a number of times, and at one time had hunted whales in the Antarctic. He came to Ottawa in his twenties, and gained long-term employment as superintendent of the awning department of Grant, Holden and Graham. He was an avid cyclist, competing in tournaments elsewhere in Canada, and was president of the Diamond Bicycle Club in Ottawa. He raced bicycles in his youth, but had become more known as a "restraining influence on his fellow club members who were inclined to take risks on the city streets", said the Journal, and he had "been foremost in advocating the compulsory use of lights on bicycles in Ottawa as a preventative measure against accidents."

It was thus all the more shocking that Victor was killed by a slow-moving car in LeBreton Flats on the evening of May 30th, 1923. The story was front page news, during the early days of automobiles on the streets of Ottawa.

Ottawa Journal, May 31, 1923

The news account of his death included the final chilling paragraph: "Last Sunday (three days before his death), Mr. Sorenson was walking with his wife. A sparrow alighted on his shoulder. He then had a premonition that this was an ill omen, and told Mrs. Sorenson, who remarked that, if anything fatal should happen to either, she hoped her husband would be spared." The driver of the vehicle was found to be without blame, as the inquest held a week later showed her car was moving only 8-10 miles per hour. Estelle Martin was distraught in court over what had happened, still at a loss as to how the accident could possibly have occurred.The jury ruled it to be accidental death.

Maria Sorensen remarried a few years later, and sold the house in 1928. It still stands today in likely a very similar state as how it was built by Victor Sorensen just less than 100 years ago.

32 Java Street in 2015

87 Java Street

Lot was acquired by 41-year old George Hobbs at the auction for $275. Hobbs and his wife Annie had two daughters, aged 11 and 4. George was employed as a blacksmith.

Hobbs built the house in 1919. It was originally just wood-framed, the brick came later, likely in the mid-late 1920s.

This well-maintained and gorgeous house has looked across at the Elmdale School playground since Elmdale opened in 1929. 87 Java actually survived a fairly minor fire in March of 1940. News reports tell of the firefighters being delayed, having just finished fighting a large blaze downtown. The trucks attempted to head to Java Street, but during the downtown fire a pump at the Slater Street pumping station had burst, filling the building and the street with water, blocking access west near LeBreton Flats. By the time firefighters arrived to 87 Java, the four members of the Franklin family were clinging to the roof of the front verandah.

87 Java Street in 2015

11 Kenora Street

This lot was acquired at the auction directly by the Ottawa Housing Commission. The sale price for the lot was $300.

The OHC entered an agreement sometime soon after with Frederick James Petry, a 25-year old clerk with the purchasing branch of the Department of Marine and Fisheries. He and his wife Mabel had two young children at the time.

Petry had the two-storey home built that fall, and it too was not initially bricked, that came afterwards. Petry worked hard to see water service come to Kenora Street in 1919. He petitioned the Board of Control to lay water mains on Kenora, since most other streets had it. In fact Kenora had even been given sewers, but was skipped for water service due to a lack of construction activity. Petry tracked down other lot owners on Kenora and showed the Board that substantial construction was coming, and was successful in his endeavour to have water mains laid on Kenora right away.

11 Kenora Street in 2017

November 14, 1919

November 19, 1919


Honourable Mention:

These houses would have been celebrating their 100th birthdays in 2019, but they have not survived since 1919, for one reason or another:

Joseph Schryburt's house, located where 76 Byron Avenue stands today. It was a small 1-storey, 5 room wood-frame house set back almost to the rear lot line. The house did not last long; it was gone by the late 1920s, the lot was surrendered due to unpaid taxes in 1928, and the new semi-detached house built in the early 1930s. For a time though, Schryburt was a strong advocate for getting infrastructure to the area, battling Ottawa's Board of Control for water mains down Byron Avenue.

October 24, 1919

124 Clarendon Avenue: This lot was also part of the batch purchased by Edward J. Rainboth at auction, and was sold to Angelina Larocque, wife of Andrew Larocque, on September 30, 1919, for $400. Andrew was a 34-year old carpenter. The couple had no children. The house was torn down in 2011, and replaced with a large double. It had remained basically unchanged since 1919.

124 Clarendon in 2009, now demolished.

48 Java Street: Built by carpenter Robert Bonsall in 1919 for his family, this house remained virtually the same until it was demolished between 2012 and 2014 and replaced by a monster home.

48 Java Street in 2009

47 Iona Street: Was originally built by John Balmforth Stott between 1919-1920 as a 1-storey wood-frame house, but was substantially updated later in the 1920s, with a second storey put on and bricked. It was demolished between 2009-2012 and replaced by new house.

Original 47 Iona Street in 2009

J. Arthur Davis built a house where 49 Kenora Avenue now stands, by the corner of Clarendon, in 1919. It was a small, 2-room wood home, more of a cottage or likely a shack, one of the simpler new homes built in the Elmdale section (and which absolutely went against the minimum building conditions laid out by the Ottawa Land Association). Davis rented the home out to 42-year old millhand John F. Keeler, his wife Clara, and their six young children. By the fall of 1922, the house was gone; either demolished or more likely burned in a fire. The ruins and foundation remained on the corner lot into the 1930s, until the new 49 Kenora was built in its place.


So there you have it, a comprehensive snapshot of Wellington Village in 1919, and it's thirteen 1919-built houses still standing 100 years later in 2018. Happy birthday!

The houses of Wellington Village as of 1922. This fire
insurance plan shows how sparse the streets were, even
still by 1922. (Yellow is wood, Pink is brick, grey is
sheds; blue circles are fire hydrants).


  1. Re:41 Warren, I believe the people who built in place of the old house knew some of the history. Certainly a bit of it was known in the neighborhood. (I live across the street and a few doors down.) What was certainly known is that the house had structural issues. Yes, it would have been nice to see the history maintained, but I suspect that had long since ceased to be an option.

  2. Wonderful research, Dave. Our house is 1923-24 and if we are still living here, we'll give it a birthday party, too. We will have lived in it 50 years by then. 134 Caroline.

  3. Great stuff Dave - why don't you look west and review the 100 year old houses of Westboro e.g. Highland Park? We own one of those!

  4. Hi I have been trying to find info about the architectural style & history of a few houses in Westboro. Would U have any info or could U point me towards someone who can. Thanks Best Regards, Maureen